Description: Two global GIS-covers in ESRI shape format were produced: one contains polylines representing the maritime boundaries;the second holds polygons representing the EEZs. When all the boundary lines were constructed, the lines could be aggregated and an EEZ-polygon per country was derived. For the land-side border, the boundaries of the world countries were used, on the sea-side the boundaries were aggregated for each country. Separate polygons were created for islands (ex.: Azores) and dependencies (ex.: Réunion) but those polygons are linked with their corresponding sovereign nation (in the attribute table).
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Copyright Text: Flanders Marine Institute (2014). Marineregions.org. Accessed at http://www.marineregions.org on yyyy-mm-dd.
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Description: New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone The exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a zone extending from the outer limits of the territorial sea to a distance of 200 nautical miles from the baselines of the territorial sea in which New Zealand, as the coastal state, has sovereign rights over the living and non living resources of the sea and seabed and other states have certain freedoms, including the freedoms of navigation and overflight. Maritime Boundary Definitions: http://www.linz.govt.nz/hydro/nautical-info/maritime-boundaries/definitions#zones Further References: http://www.linz.govt.nz/hydro/nautical-info/maritime-boundaries
Description: New Zealand Territorial SeasThe territorial sea is the belt of sea adjacent to the coast out to a distance of 12 nautical miles from prescribed baselines over which New Zealand, as the coastal state, has the same rights of sovereignty that it exercises over its land territory subject to the right of innocent passage (and transit passage through any straits used for international navigation) of ships of other states. 'Innocent passage' excludes fishing activities.Maritime Boundary Definitions:www.linz.govt.nz/hydro/nautical-info/maritime-boun...Further References:www.linz.govt.nz/hydro/nautical-info/maritime-boun...
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Copyright Text: LINZ / New Zealand Hydrographic Authority
Description: A Marine Reserve is the government's most comprehensive tool in the provision of area-based biodiversity protection in the marine environment. Marine reserves are specified areas of the sea and foreshore that are managed to preserve them in their natural state as the habitat of marine life for scientific study. Marine reserves may be established in areas that contain underwater scenery, natural features, or marine life of such distinctive quality, or so typical, beautiful or unique that their continued preservation is in the national interest.Under the Marine Reserves Act 1971, the Department of Conservation isresponsible for caring for and managing marine reserves. Management functions include marking marine reserve boundaries, law enforcement, issuing scientific permits and monitoring environmental changes.